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Knee replacement surgery is a procedure that is performed when the knee joint has reached a point when painful symptoms can no longer be controlled with non-operative treatments. A total knee replacement is a major surgery, and deciding to have the surgery done is a big decision. Here are some signs to look for to help you decide if the time is right, or not right, for knee replacement surgery.
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL reconstruction) is a surgical tissue graft replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament, located in the knee, to restore its function after anterior cruciate ligament injury. The entire surgery is performed arthroscopically. Recovery varies highly from case to case, and sometimes resumption of stressful activities may take up to a year.
The PCL does not heal on its own, so surgery is usually required in complete tears of the ligament. A procedure called ligament reconstruction is used to replace the torn PCL with a new ligament, which is usually a graft taken from the hamstring or Achilles tendon from a host cadaver. An arthroscope allows a complete evaluation of the entire knee joint, including the knee cap (patella), the cartilage surfaces, the meniscus, the ligaments (ACL & PCL), and the joint lining.
A severe knee cartilage injury can radically change an active adult's lifestyle. Symptoms such as locking, catching localized pain and swelling often affect your ability to work, play, even perform normal activities.
Arthroscopic surgery is done by inserting small instruments and a small camera into the knee joint through several small incisions and examining and repairing the tissue. The surgery is done under general and local anesthesia and takes about one to two hours.